An Incomplete Guide to Concealed Carry, Transports, and Various NFA Weapons in Wisconsin
Not Quite Everything You Need to Know about Wisconsin Gun Laws
Wisconsin laws governing concealed carry, transport, and NFA weapons are confusing, and we are often asked questions on them. In order to help you better understand these laws, Milwaukee’s top concealed carry lawyers at Grieve Law offer this guide.
It is important to remember two things:
First, this is a very incomplete guide meant to serve only as a convenient reference for some common questions. Not every law you need to know in order to legally carry or transport weapons is included here.
Second, we will do our best to update this page. However, it is up to you to update yourself. DO NOT ACCEPT THIS PAGE AS LEGAL AUTHORITY.
If you notice this page is out of date or you want to submit helpful additions or clarifications, please let us know.
What does Wisconsin law say about carrying a concealed weapon?
Wisconsin statute 941.23(2) says that anyone carrying a concealed and dangerous weapon other than a peace officer or a qualified law enforcement officer from another state is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor—unless you are carrying the weapon in your own home, place of business or on land you own or lease.
What does “carry” mean?
To carry is defined as “to go armed with.”
What does “to go armed with” mean? It means to carry a weapon on you.
This is not a joke; it is just a roundabout answer. The similar terms possessing, carrying, and going armed can sometimes have gray areas. Generally, courts have defined this “carry” to mean on one’s person or within one’s reach.
In addition to statutes, cases in front of the Court of Appeals and Wisconsin Supreme Court have tried to further define these terms. In State v. Hamdan, a 2003 case, the Court held that it is not a violation to carry a concealed weapon in your home, place of business, etc., because you are not going anywhere. However, in another case from 10 years earlier, State v. Keith, the Court stated that a woman concealed carrying a gun in her purse on the porch was illegal because you do not have to go anywhere to “go armed.”
What if you have a concealed carry permit?
If you have a concealed carry license and your license is in good standing (i.e. hasn’t been suspended or revoked), you are legally within your rights to carry a concealed weapon anywhere unless it is specifically forbidden. You can also legally carry a concealed weapon if you are a former, current, or out-of-state law enforcement officer with the proper credentials.
The law is very specific about the loss of rights to carry, though. You can lose your concealed carry license for any number of reasons, and you may not refuse to accept notice that your license has been revoked or suspended as a defense to illegally carrying a concealed weapon.
What weapons are legal to carry in a concealed manner?
The statutes are very specific about the type of weapon that can be carried in a concealed way. Per Wisconsin Statute 175.60(1)(j)(j) “weapon” means a handgun, an electric weapon (like a taser), or a billy club.
“Handgun” means any weapon designed or redesigned, or made or remade, and intended to be fired while held in one hand and to use the energy of an explosive to expel a projectile through a smooth or rifled bore.
“Handgun" does not include a machine gun, a short-barreled rifle, or a short-barreled shotgun (Wisconsin Statute 175.60(1)(bm)(bm). Since short-barreled rifles are not legal to carry in a concealed manner, we can conclude that rifles with a full length barrel are also not legal for concealed carry.
You Are Only Guilty If You Are Convicted
Summary of legal definitions of various rifles under Wisconsin Statute 941.28:
- A "rifle" is a firearm that is fired from the shoulder or hip. It fires projectiles through a rifled barrel (a single projectile for each pull of the trigger).
- A "short-barreled rifle" is a rifle with one or more barrels less than 16 inches as measured from closed breech or bolt face to muzzle, or a rifle with a total length under 26 inches.
- A "short-barreled shotgun" is a shotgun with one or more barrels less than 18 inches as measured from closed breech or bolt face to muzzle, or one with a total length under 26 inches.
- A "shotgun" is a weapon intended to be fired from the shoulder or hip that fires ball shot or a single projectile through a smooth bore with each single pull of the trigger.
It is illegal to carry a concealed weapon at these locations:
- A police station, sheriff’s office, state patrol station, or the office of a division of criminal investigation special agent of the DOJ.
- A prison, jail, house of correction, or secured correctional facility.
- The Sand Ridge Secure Treatment Center, the Wisconsin Resource Center, or any secured area of a mental health institution.
- Any county, state, or federal courthouse.
- Any municipal courtroom, if court is in session.
- Anywhere beyond an airport’s security checkpoint.
- Anywhere concealed carry is prohibited.
- School grounds and premises, unless you are authorized by the school or with law enforcement and acting in an official capacity. There are also exceptions for keeping a gun unloaded and encased or locked in a gun rack in a car.
- Within 1000 ft of school.
Can you leave your gun in your car?
It depends on how you leave it in your car, where in your car you leave it, and where you park your car. The law requires a handgun to be encased (i.e. in a transportation case) not just stashed in the glove compartment. These two cases are illustrative:
The Court in State v. Fry, 131 Wis.2d 153 (1986) held that locking the gun in the glove box is unlawful concealment.
The Court in State v. Walls, 190 Wis.2d 65 (Ct. App. 1994) held that a firearm in plain sight inside a vehicle is both in violation of the encased requirement, Section 167.31, and considered unlawfully concealed.
Remember, this is an Incomplete Guide
There are many more laws surrounding open carrying and concealed carrying, and they are not always crystal clear in their language. If you have any questions or concerns regarding concealed carry, or if you’re facing a weapons charge, schedule a free consultation with Grieve Law’s experienced attorneys.